Canadian Permanent Residence (PR) is something that is well sought after by most Indians who immigrate to Canada and dream of settling down over there. PR is a status that is given to immigrants, and it grants them various benefits and legal rights in Canada.
Permanent Residence holders are legally authorized to live and work freely anywhere in Canada for any amount of time. Various other perks of having a PR status are being able to change employers and sponsoring family members.
Permanent Resident status doesn’t expire if the holder stays in Canada for 2 years out of every five, and to change the status of Permanent Resident to Citizen, the holder needs to live and work in Canada for at least 3 years. Citizenship gives the holder a right to vote in the Canadian elections.
Indians who become Canadian Permanent Residents have many major benefits, such as:
- Job opportunity: Canada is one of the largest economies in the world and has a booming job market with endless opportunities and the lowest unemployment rate, which means that it’s easier for immigrants to find jobs in various streams.
- Free Healthcare: Canadian PR holders and their sponsored family members are eligible to receive free world-class medical and healthcare benefits provided by Canada.
- Social security benefits: Canadian PR holders can make use of various government schemes such as subsidies, pensions, tax benefits, and unemployment insurance.
There are various pathways available for candidates to apply for their PR, such as the federal government’s Express Entry system and various Provincial Nomination Program’s, which are conducted by many provinces of Canada.
The Canadian express entry is an online system that is used to manage the applications of skilled workers for permanent residence and identifying which of them are eligible for the invite.
Express Entry oversees Canada’s three main economic classes, which are – the Federal Skilled Workers Program, The Federal Skilled Trades Program, and the Canadian Experience Class. ITA’s are issued to a certain number of top-ranked candidates in the Express Entry pools to apply for their permanent residence in the regular draws that usually takes place every two weeks and incorporates the vast majority of candidates from the three main economic classes managed by express entry.
In the process of selecting candidates to be invited for permanent residence, the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score remains the top priority and the primary factor. The cut-off CRS score can be influenced by certain factors such as the size of the draw and time span between draws. This implies that the CRS cut-off score would be lower if the pool size if bigger and if there is less time span between two draws and vice-versa. Factors such as age, education, skilled work experience, and proficiency in English and French also play a major role in determining the CRS score.
The standard time that is taken for a permanent residence application filed through the Express Entry System to process takes around six months, as stated by the Government of Canada.
Provincial Nomination Program (PNP):
If a candidate is interested in a specific province or territory, they can opt for the Provincial Nomination Program. In PNP, Candidates are selected based on the local labor market needs of the certain province or territory the candidate is applying in. Most provinces and territories take part in PNP. Once candidates receive the provincial nomination, they are awarded additional 600 CRS points, which guarantees them an Express Entry invites for a Permanent Residence.