Visa Crunch

Comprehensive Ranking System of Canada explained

CRS is the scoring system that reviews the profiles of applicants and determines which of them are eligible for an Express Entry invite. The score is based on several human capital factors such as-

  • Age and the marital status of applicants determine how much score they’ll be allotted, the highest number of points awarded to a single candidate is 110, and a married candidate can be awarded a maximum of 100 points if the age of the candidate is between 20-29 years.
Age (in years)Single candidateWith an accompanying spouse/partner
under 180 points0 points
45 or older00
  • The educational qualifications of candidates also influence their CRS scores. The highest number of points which are allotted on the educational qualification is 150 points which are awarded only to those candidates who hold a Doctoral Degree (Ph.D.)
Level of educationSingle candidateWith an accompanying spouse/partner 
Less than secondary (high) school credential0 points0 points
Secondary school credential3028 for PA; 2 for spouse
One-year post-secondary program9084 for PA; 6 for spouse
Two-year post-secondary program9891 for PA; 7 for spouse
Post-secondary program of 3 or more years120112 for PA; 8 for spouse
Two or more post-secondary programs, of which at least one was completed after a post-secondary program of three or more years128119 for PA; 9 for spouse
Master’s or entry-to-practice professional degree135126 for PA; 10 for spouse
Doctoral Degree (PhD)150140 for PA; 10 for spouse
  • Language proficiency is very important for the candidates as they must give approved language tests and how well they do in listening, speaking, reading, and writing of that language test determines their language proficiency score as per the Canadian Language Benchmark levels (CLBs).
  • Work experience is very valuable as CRS points are awarded to candidates based on the number of years they have worked in Canada.
Number of yearsSingle candidateWith an accompanying spouse/partner
Less than 10 points0 points
1 year4035 for PA; 5 for spouse
2 years5346 for PA; 7 for spouse
3 years6456 for PA; 8 for spouse
4 years7263 for PA; 9 for spouse
5 years or more8070 for PA; 10 for spouse

There are various other factors that can also contribute to the CRS scores. The maximum score of 600 additional points is awarded to candidates who receive an invitation in a Provincial Nomination Program (PNP)

Provincial nomination obtained under an Express Entry-aligned Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) stream/category600
Qualifying job offer in Senior Management occupation under Major Group 00 of the National Occupational Classification (NOC)*200
Qualifying job offer in any other skilled occupation (NOC 0, A or B level)*50
Completed one-year or two-year study program in Canada15
Completed three-year/Master’s/entry to practice professional degree or Doctorate (PhD) in Canada30
French ability of CLB 7 or better AND English ability of CLB 4 or worse (or no English test result at all)15
French ability of CLB 7 or better AND English ability of CLB 5 or better30
Sibling in Canada**15

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