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What Is The TOEFL Test?

By Yash Yadav

TOEFL is a standard test that actions your English language abilities. This guide shows you where, why, and how to take the TOEFL.

The Test of English as a Foreign Language examines your ability to read, write, and speak in English. It’s known as the TOEFL for short. The test is created by a nonprofit organization called the Educational Testing Service, or ETS.

What does the TOEFL measure?

ETS offers five versions of the TOEFL: Primary, Junior, ITP, Essentials, and iBT. All versions of the TOEFL measure similar sort of abilities: your capacity to read, write, and speak English.

The Essentials or iBT versions are usually taken by undergraduate or graduate-level students who want to study abroad. High school or elementary school students take the Primary, Junior, or ITP.


This test estimates your capacity to convey in English in a university setting. It has around 90 questions separated into four areas. Understudies have around 3 ½ hours to finish the test. There is a 10-minute break between the second and third tests. The TOEFL-iBT is not computer-based.

The TOEFL iBT estimates your capacity to:

Communicate using formal and casual language in response to questions.
Pay attention to a recording, then, at that point, react to questions concerning the recording in writing. Read a passage, then, at that point, answer questions in writing concerning what you recently read.

TOEFL Essentials

This test requires around an hour and a half to finish. It has four parts and contains around 130 questions. The test estimates your capacity to impart in both academic and general English. Academic English is more formal. Individuals who learn at the undergraduate and graduate levels typically utilize academic English. General English is less formal.

The TOEFL Essentials estimates your capacity to:

  • Answer inquiries concerning discussions in different settings.
  • Answer inquiries concerning academic and non-academic composition.
  • Make sentences and compose reactions for everyday situations.

The Essentials test is computer adaptive. That implies the questions get harder or more straightforward relying upon the responses you give during the test. This test likewise includes a five-minute individual video statement. In this segment, you answer inquiries regarding yourself. The video permits you to acquaint yourself with a school or a business. This segment is not scored.

Here’s more data about different adaptations of the TOEFL:

TOEFL Primary

This test is for understudies around 8 years of age. It has around 80 questions divided into two areas. Understudies have one hour to finish the two parts.

TOEFL Junior

This test is designed for understudies around 11 years of age. The test has around 125 questions divided into three sections. Understudies have around two hours to finish the test.


This test is designed for understudies ages 16 and more. The test has 140 questions divided into three parts. Students have around two hours to finish the test.

How and where do I take the TOEFL?
The TOEFL is accessible in around 190 nations.

You can take the TOEFL Essentials or the TOEFL iBT at home or from any spot with dependable, fast internet. The Essentials test is just accessible practically. The iBT test is accessible on the web, at home, or in a paper version.

You might enlist for the test on the web, by telephone, or through the mail. Sometimes, you might have to give distinguishing proof. Doing this permits the testing association to confirm your personality.

You should pay to take the TOEFL. The Essentials test was $120 in late 2021.

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