The majority of candidates coming from overseas to Canada are Indians.
According to a census carried out in the year 2016 in Canada, almost around 1,374,710 people of Indian origin were living in Canada. That number has increased significantly in the subsequent years.
Indian citizens accounted for a quarter of all 341,000 immigrants welcomed in Canada in 2019, which is a sharp contrast from just 14% of Indian immigrants entering Canada in 2015.
Indian citizens made up for almost half of the total applicants who received Invitations to Apply for Permanent Residence under the express entry system introduced by the federal government of Canada in the years 2017-2019.
There are various pathways for Permanent Residence available for Indian citizens and other immigrants. The Express Entry remains the main and most used pathway, yet there are over 100 other economic class programs that can help in acquiring Permanent Residence.
The Canadian express entry is an online system that is used to manage the applications of skilled workers for permanent residence and identifying which of them are eligible for the invite.
Express Entry oversees Canada’s three main economic classes that are – the Federal Skilled Workers Program, The Federal Skilled Trades Program, and the Canadian Experience Class. ITA’s are issued to a certain number of top-ranked candidates in the Express Entry pools to apply for their permanent residence in the regular draws that usually takes place every two weeks and incorporates the vast majority of candidates from the three main economic classes managed by express entry. In the process of selecting candidates to be invited for permanent residence, the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score remains the top priority and the primary factor. The cut-off CRS score can be influenced by certain factors such as the size of the draw and time span between draws. This implies that the CRS cut-off score would be lower if the pool size were bigger and if there is less time span between two draws and vice-versa. Factors such as age, education, skilled work experience, and proficiency in English and French also play a major role in determining the CRS score.
The standard time that is taken for a permanent residence application filed through the Express Entry System to process takes around six months, as stated by the Government of Canada.
Provincial Nomination Program (PNP):
If a candidate is interested in a specific province or territory, they can opt for the Provincial Nomination Program. In PNP, Candidates are selected based on the local labor market needs of the certain province or territory the candidate is applying in. Most provinces and territories take part in PNP. Once candidates receive the provincial nomination, they are awarded additional 600 CRS points, which guarantees them an Express Entry invite for a Permanent Residence.
There are various programs other than Express Entry and PNP that are useful for candidates to obtain a Permanent Residence. Various programs such as the Rural and Northern Immigration Program in which small communities can nominate certain workers for Permanent residence. The province of Quebec has its own immigration program, which is preferred by fluent French-speaking candida