According to an official report, the number of Indian students in the United States climbed by more than 12% in 2021, while those from China, the largest source of students, decreased by more than 8%.
The US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) indicated in its annual report released on Wednesday that the COVID-19 pandemic would continue to have an impact on international student enrollment in the United States in 2021. In the calendar year 2021, the total number of SEVIS records for active F-1 and M-1 students was 1,236,748; this was a 1.2% reduction from the calendar year 2020.
SEVIS is an acronym that stands for Students and Exchange Visitor Information System. The two non-immigrant student visas are F-1 and M-1. J-1 visas are similarly non-immigrant student visas, although they are typically granted to scholars participating in exchange programmes.
In 2021, 8,038 SEVP-certified schools were eligible to enrol overseas students, a decline of 280 schools from the previous year’s total of 8,369 eligible schools. Asia became the most popular region of origin due to a large number of students from China and India.
According to the report, China sent fewer students in 2021 than in 2020 (-33,569), whereas India sent more (+25,391). Females account for up to 37% of Indian pupils.
China continues to top the list of countries sending 348,992 students to the United States. China is followed by India, which has 232,851 pupils. South Korea (58,787), Canada (37,453), Brazil (33,552), Vietnam (29,597), Saudi Arabia (28,600), Taiwan (25,406), Japan (20,144), and Mexico follow China and India (19,680).
As per the data, only Asia and Australia/Pacific Islands had an overall decrease in student arrivals to the United States last year, while all other continents saw a rise.
International F-1 and M-1 students arrived from every continent except Antarctica, as well as more than 224 countries and territories. Students from China and India accounted for 71.9 per cent of the international student population, making Asia the most common continent of origin. According to the report, China sent fewer international students than India.
California had 208,257 international students in 2021, the highest percentage of international students (16.8 per cent) of any US state.
According to the report, there were 240,479 active exchange visitors in the United States in 2021, up from 256,944 in 2020. The majority of F-1 and M-1 students travel to the United States to pursue higher education. In 2021, almost 92% of all F-1 and M-1 students were enrolled in SEVP-certified associate, bachelor’s, master’s, or doctorate programmes.
In particular, overseas students in the United States sought 1,142,352 degrees in higher education, a rise from the calendar year 2020. (1,121,981).
It is crucial to remember that a single student may participate in more than one level of education during a given calendar year, and hence may be counted in numerous educational levels. In the calendar year 2021, the USCIS reported that 47 per cent (581,843) of all active SEVIS records came from either China (348,992) or India (232,851), the same percentage as in the previous year.
While the aggregate number of active F-1 and M-1 student records from Asia declined by 34,781 from the calendar year 2020 to the calendar year 2021, student record trends differed by country, according to the report.
Asia is the most prevalent continent of origin, with the most international student records coming from China and India. Meanwhile, China sent fewer students in 2021 than in 2020 (-33,569), while India sent more (+25,391), according to the report.
Nonetheless, Asia is home to 71.9 per cent of all overseas students in the United States. South Korea (-9,430), Saudi Arabia (-9,439), and Japan (-6,155) sent fewer students, according to the survey.
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