Children of immigrants who arrived in Canada before the age of 15 had the highest rates of postsecondary enrolment and annual earnings. According to a Statistics Canada report that examined data from tax returns in 2018. The focus was on immigrants who came to Canada before the age of 15.
By the age of 20, 70% of these immigrants have enrolled in a post-secondary college. In comparison, the total population has a rate of 56%. The majority of these 20-year-olds seeking post-secondary education are women who immigrated to Canada before the age of 15. In 2018, the average annual salary for 25-year-olds was about $29,700. Those who came as children earned an average of $30,300 a year.The average annual salary for 30-year-olds was $41,800. In comparison, 30-year-olds who immigrated to Canada as children received $47,400 a year on average.
This suggests that immigrant children have grown up to earn 13% more than the general population.
Immigrants in Canada are classified into three categories:
- Economic class immigration;
- Family class immigration;
- Refugee class immigration.
The bulk of immigrants are from lower-income families. They enter Canada through a variety of channels, the most prominent of which are the Express Entry and Provincial Nominee Services. Family class immigrants are those who were supported to come to Canada by a Canadian partner, relative, or other family member. Refugees are nationals who seek refuge in Canada.
When compared to children of family class and refugee class immigrants, children of economic class immigrants had the highest levels of post-secondary enrolment and annual salaries. From the age of 24, the incomes of economic-class children outnumber those of the general population. However, prior to the age of 24, children from the family and refugee classes earned more than children from the economic class. This may be because they were more likely to be employed at the time rather than attending school.
By the age of 30, children falling under the economic class had an average salary of $52,400, compared to $41,800 for the general population. Children from refugee families earned an average of $41,600, while children from family class immigrants earned an average of $40,100.
The difference between the various immigration groups is primarily due to the manner in which these immigrants are admitted to Canada.
Economic immigrants are admitted to Canada based on their pre-existing skills which will make them more employable. They are often evaluated based on their age, qualifications, work experience, language skills, and whether or not they have received a job offer.