One of the most significant branches of contemporary particle science, Nuclear Physics deals with the structure of the atomic nucleus and the radiation from unstable nuclei. Its applications are wide-reaching in all spheres of life — this branch of Physics is explored for decoding mysteries of the universe, producing alternative energy, or, if the worst comes to the worst, creating weapons of mass destruction.
Going for a career in Nuclear Physics will help you get a job in various sectors like space research, particle research, pharmaceuticals and engineering.
Studying Nuclear Physics
- You need to clear your Class XII board exams in the science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as compulsory subjects.
- Next, you need to have completed your BSc in Physics with Maths to enrol in an MSc course in Nuclear Physics.
- Or you can pursue a BTech/BE degree in streams such as Electrical, Electronics, Instrumentation and Mechanical Engineering and then pursue MTech/ME courses in the same discipline.
- For admission to PhD programmes, you need to clear competitive exams like CSIR, NET, GATE, JEST and JRF.
- Research opportunities in Nuclear Physics are provided by some of the premium institutes in India.
Top Institutes that offer courses in Nuclear Physics:
Nuclear Physics became a rage during World War II. The US, the UK and the USSR were the pioneers of this new evolution. There are some foreign universities that offer various academic and research courses on Nuclear Physics.
- Michigan State University, US
- Stanford University, US
- University of California- Berkeley, US
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology, US
- University of Durham, UK
- University of Oxford, UK
- University of Cambridge, UK
- University of Tokyo, Japan
- Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany
- University of Milan, Italy
Job roles with a degree in Nuclear Physics:
- Astrophysicist: They use knowledge of Physics, Maths and Computer Science to study celestial activities, test theories and study the universe. You need strong analytical, observational and research skills to succeed in this domain.
- Cosmologist: They develop scientific theories based on topics like dark matter, dark energy theories and strings. They also perform extensive research related to nuclear energy and cosmic bodies.
- Nuclear physicist: They study different methods to implement modern science to make nuclear operations easier, safer and more effective. They often have extremely important roles in sensitive operations.
- Plasma physicist: Plasma is the fourth state of matter, which is a collection of freely moving electrons and ions. Scientists working in this fieldwork on practical applications. Aerodynamics, optics, lasers, and medicine are different fields where they have a role.
- Nuclear engineer: They conduct research on the processes and systems at nuclear power plants. They search for medical and industrial uses of radioactive materials like devising equipment for medical diagnosis.
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