According to the current edition of the All India Survey of Higher Education (AISHE), the number of overseas students enrolling in Indian courses continues to increase. In the year 2000, India only had 6,988 International students; by 2019-20, that number had increased to 49,348.
The international students are from 168 nations across the world. Nepal has the greatest percentage of students from neighboring countries (28.1%), followed by Afghanistan (9.1%), Bangladesh (4.6%), Bhutan (3.8%), and Sudan (3.6%).
Engineering is a popular subject among students
Engineering courses are chosen by the majority go students enrolled in undergraduate programs. The total number of students enrolled in B.Tech courses is 9,530, followed by 3,964 in B.Sc, 3,290 in BBA, and 2596 in BE.
The engineering institutions in India, according to Paramasivan Arumugam, Dean of Foreign Relations, IIT Roorkee, are far superior to those in neighboring nations, which explains why international students who can afford an abroad education come here.
“While arts and science degrees are available in most nations and do not need significant infrastructure, engineering has emerged as a potential sector for new job opportunities. Students come to India for further education because premier schools in Sri Lanka and Vietnam have extremely few places, and most other countries lack quality private institutes,” he says.
Students prefer 4-year B.Tech programs, according to Abhay Bansal, joint dean of Amity School of Engineering and Technology (ASET), Noida, because most international universities need 16 years of study as a qualifying criterion for master’s studies.
Although the majority of students enroll in engineering degrees, IITs have few or no applicants. This, according to Arumugam, is largely due to the complexity of the IIT’s selection procedure and, secondarily, the fees.
“IITs are unable to recruit international students at the undergraduate level since students are unable to clear the JEE Advanced,” says V Ramgopal Rao, Director, IIT Delhi. The second best choice for students is to enroll in one of India’s private institutions, which provide high-quality education at a low cost.
There is a gender divide at all levels
83.8% of the students enrolled in B.Tech programs are male. The situation is comparable for other courses as well, such as B.Sc (62%), BBA (68%), and BE (86%). At higher levels of education, the gender ratio is also lopsided. Male students make up nearly 60% of MA students, whereas male students of M.Sc make up about 70% of the enrolled students.
Karnataka is the top destination for students
While students have preferences for courses, they almost always have a preferred city in which to pursue their higher education. The state-by-state breakdown indicates that Karnataka has the higher number of international students, with 10,231.
Foreign students choose Karnataka, according to Venugopal KR, vice-chancellor of Bangalore University, since the state has little or no political and cultural unrest. “States with a high density of institutes also have a large number of overseas students. There are 100 engineering colleges in Bengaluru alone, out of a total of 220 throughout Karnataka,” he says.
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