Visa Crunch

Comparing Immigration Fees And Processing Times — Federal Vs Provincial Skilled Worker Programs

The price to use for Canadian immigration could also be a think about deciding which financial pathway to take.

In Canada, you at all times find yourself making use of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) for everlasting residence, as constitutionally the federal authorities have the ultimate say on immigration.

Nonetheless, you may also apply for a province to vouch for your everlasting residency software. When you efficiently apply to a provincial pathway, you’re going to get a nomination certificate, or a Quebec Choice Certificates from Quebec, to help your everlasting residence software to IRCC.

Whereas this feature opens you as much as an abundance of immigration choices, it may be extra expensive and take extra time. Then again, provincial packages might open the doorways to much more immigration candidates. They’re fine-tuned to open pathways to everlasting residence for staff whose expertise matches with regional labour market wants.

In this article, we are going to examine the prices of various economic-class immigration packages. At the identical time, weigh the professionals and cons of immigration by means of Categorical Entry vs provincial immigration.

Prices for expert staff to use IRCC-run packages

Whenever you apply for immigration to IRCC, you normally must pay a software price for yourself, and any dependents coming with you to Canada reminiscent of your partner or common-law companion, and your kids. You additionally must pay a proper everlasting residence price for yourself and your companion. Dependent kids are exempt from this price.

Charges for Canadian immigration are going up this yr for purposes of most financial, household, and humanitarian courses. In 2020, IRCC elevated everlasting residence charges to account for inflation for the primary time since 2002.

At the moment, IRCC introduced it will improve charges every two years to regulate for inflation, which means this year charges are actually attributable to go up. The subsequent improvement is predicted to occur in 2024.

Beginning April 30, the charges for the next immigration packages will go up about $40 greater than the present value of $1,325. Principal candidates and accompanying spouses will every must pay $1,365 (all quantities are in CAD) plus any biometrics charges to use:

  • Categorical Entry-managed packages
  • Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
  • Quebec Expert Employee
  • Atlantic Immigration Program
  • Different financial pilots (Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot and Agri-food Immigration Pilot)

Biometrics charges run about $85 per individual or $175 for a household of two or extra. To provide an instance of some attainable full prices, one principal applicant making use of a Categorical Entry-managed program may pay $1,450 together with biometrics charges. A household of two may pay $2,905 for a similar program. If they had one youngster, charges may run to about $3,135. Every dependent youngster will value $230.

The applying charges are completely different relying on the immigration program, however, the proper everlasting residence price is at all times identical. Right here is the listing of charges for federal immigration packages in 2022.

ProgramCandidatesPresent priceNew price April 30, 2022
Proper Everlasting Residence PaymentThe principal applicant and accompanying partner or common-law companion$500$515
Categorical Entry, Provincial Nominee Program and Quebec Expert Staff, Atlantic Immigration Class and most Financial Pilots (Rural, Agri-Meals)Principal applicant$825$850
Accompanying partner or common-law companion$825$850
Accompanying dependent youngster$225$230
Stay-in Caregiver Program and Caregivers Pilots (Residence Youngster Supplier Pilot and Residence Help Employee Pilot)Principal applicant$550$570
Accompanying partner or common-law companion$550$570
Accompanying dependent youngster$150$155
Enterprise (Federal and Quebec)Principal applicant$1,575$1,625
Accompanying partner or common-law companion$825$850
Accompanying dependent youngster$225$230
Household Reunification (Spouses, Companions and Kids; Dad and mom and Grandparents; and different kinfolk)Sponsorship price$75$75
Sponsored principal applicant$475$490
Sponsored dependent youngster$75$75
Accompanying partner or common-law companion$550$570
Accompanying dependent youngster$150$155
Protected IndividualsPrincipal applicant$550$570
Accompanying partner or common-law companion$550$570
Accompanying dependent youngster$150$155
Humanitarian and Compassionate / Public CoveragePrincipal applicant$550$570
Accompanying partner or common-law companion$550$570
Accompanying dependent youngster$150$155
Allow HoldersPrincipal applicant$325$335

Prices to use for PNPs and Quebec immigration

On prime of the charges required to use for immigration to the federal authorities, PNP and Quebec candidates oftentimes must pay software charges to their desired province. For instance, a single individual desirous to immigrate to Ontario would pay $2,925 by means of a PNP, but about $1,450 by means of Categorical Entry.

There are actually 4 PNPs that don’t cost charges to use for provincial nominations: Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Northwest Territories, and the Yukon. Newfoundland and Labrador just lately eliminated its charges in an effort to encourage newcomers to use for immigration to the province.

Expert staff making use of different provinces can anticipate paying between $250 and $1,500.

Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) + QuebecSoftware price for the principal applicant
Alberta Benefit Immigration Program (AAIP)$500
British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BC PNP)$1,150
Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP)$500
New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NB PNP)$250
Newfoundland and Labrador Nominee Program (NLPNP)$0
Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP)$0
Northwest Territories Nominee Program (NTNP)$0
Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP)$1,500
Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI PNP)$300
Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP)$350
Yukon Nominee Program (YNP)$0

Base vs Enhanced PNPs

The distinction between base and enhanced PNPs will depend on whether or not candidates have a Categorical Entry profile. Base PNPs are run by the provincial authorities. Enhanced PNPs are solely open to Categorical Entry candidates.

Those that are eligible for an enhanced PNP qualify for a Categorical Entry managed program such because the Federal Expert Employee Program (FSWP), Canadian Expertise Class (CEC), or Federal Expert Trades Program (FSTP).

The advantage of being within the Categorical Entry pool is the opportunity of making use of on to IRCC for immigration. Since IRCC has the ultimate say on who will get everlasting residence, making use of Categorical Entry is extra simple than making use of a PNP. Whereas once you apply for a PNP, you first apply for a nomination from the province and then apply for everlasting residence.

Prior to now, a high-scoring Categorical Entry candidate might have declined an invite to use for a provincial nomination, and simply waited to get a Categorical Entry ITA in order that they solely wanted to pay one software price. Nonetheless, because the pause on FSWP and CEC attracts has impacted Canadian immigration plans all around the world, the choice to use an enhanced PNP has changed into extra enticing.

Categorical Entry candidates who obtain a provincial nomination are awarded a further 600 factors towards their Complete Rating System (CRS) rating. This award successfully ensures that they may obtain an ITA and have the ability to apply for everlasting residence.

Those that will not be eligible for a Categorical Entry-managed program might be able to apply for a province’s base PNP. These immigration packages are run by the provinces themselves. They normally take extra time to course.

Evaluating processing occasions

In keeping with the processing occasions estimates on April 19, it’s taking IRCC 28 months to course of base PNPs and 22 months for the course of Categorical Entry PNPs. The estimated processing time for Quebec expert staff is now 31 months.

The processing normal to use for Categorical Entry immediately is six months, though the pandemic has dramatically slowed down these processing occasions. It’s presently taking IRCC 27 months to course of FSWP purposes and eight months for the course of CEC purposes. FSTP candidates are taking a look at a wait time of 37 months.


Must you apply to a federal program or a provincial one? In the end, your resolution needs to be primarily based on which streams you might be eligible for and those you’re feeling provide the greatest probability of getting everlasting residency. In case you are eligible for Categorical Entry, it’s useful to add a profile since, along with being thought of for an ITA by IRCC, additionally, you will be thought of by provinces seeking to invite candidates to use their PNP.

This yr, Canada goals to welcome 83,500 PNP candidates, as per the 2022-2024 Immigration Ranges Plan. This determination is predicted to extend to 93,000 by 2024. IRCC anticipates that 55,900 immigrants will come by means of Categorical Entry this year, however by 2024 the variety of Categorical Entry immigrants is ready to extend to 111,500.

Legal Disclaimer: This article is provided for information purposes only.

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