Canada was the first country in the world to implement an objective points system for welcoming skilled immigrants in 1967. The Federal Skilled Worker Program was established to do this (FSWP). Immigrants were chosen for most of Canada’s history based on subjective considerations such as their country of origin. In the 1960s, Canada shifted away from this strategy, focusing instead on objective characteristics like age, education, language abilities, and job experience to determine whether an immigrant was well-positioned to thrive in the country’s labor market.
For many immigrants and Canada, the FSWP continues to be a major success. Its popularity is evidenced by the fact that it has been adopted by countries all over the world, including Australia and New Zealand. Canada has been managing the FSWP through its Express Entry application management system since 2015. (Express Entry also manages three other skilled worker programs). Canada’s Immigration Levels Plan, which runs from 2021 to 2023, seeks to accept over 400,000 new immigrants every year. Each year, approximately 110,000 immigrants will enter the country using Express Entry. Prior to the coronavirus epidemic, the FSWP was used by nearly half of individuals who applied for Express Entry.
This is supported by Canadian government research, which reveals that FSWP immigrants in Canada have a high rate of job success. The steps to immigrate to Canada via the FSWP are outlined below.
Step- wise guide on the application process
To begin, make sure you meet the FSWP’s eligibility requirements (see below to learn more). You can also utilize the free eligibility tool provided by CanadaVisa.
Secondly, on the IRCC website, fill up your Express Entry profile. You’ll get a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score once you’ve finished your profile. Each Express Entry candidate is given a score based on their age, education, language abilities, work experience, Canadian work and study experience, if they have pre-arranged employment in Canada, and whether they were nominated by a Canadian province.
Thirdly, keep an eye on the Express Entry drawings to see if an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residency comes your way. IRCC holds draws every two weeks, and ITAs are normally given to candidates who have the highest CRS scores (although this policy has been interrupted during the coronavirus pandemic).
Lastly, if you receive an ITA, you must submit your permanent residency application to IRCC. Once IRCC has approved your application, you can relocate to Canada.
To be eligible for the FSWP, you must achieve the following minimum requirements in terms of job experience, language competence, and education, as well as score 67 out of 100:
Within the last ten years, you must have had at least one year of continuous full-time, paid job experience (or part-time equivalent hours). Work experience must be skilled and classified as level 0, A, or B in the National Occupational Classification (NOC). NOC 0 occupations are in management, NOC A positions normally require a bachelor’s degree, and NOC B jobs are in the skilled crafts.
You’ll need to take an English and/or French language test that Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada has designated (IRCC). You must also acquire an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA). The ECA’s goal is to ensure that your international education meets Canadian requirements. Finally, in the FSWP grid, you must score at least 67 out of 100 points. The grid is broken down as follows:
Education (Up to 25 points)
Language Skills (Up to 28 points)
Work Experience (Up to 15 points)
Age (Up to 12 points)
Arranged Employment (Up to 10 points)
Adaptability (Up to 10 points)